How To Obtain an Australia Permanent Residency

Australia, with its diverse landscapes, vibrant cities, and robust economy, has become a sought-after destination for individuals seeking a new beginning and exciting opportunities. Acquiring an Australian Permanent Residency (PR) opens doors to a plethora of benefits, from access to world-class healthcare and education to the opportunity to build a successful career in a thriving economy. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the intricacies of obtaining an Australian Resident Permit, providing a step-by-step roadmap to help you navigate the journey toward your dream of calling Australia home.

Understanding the Australian Permanent Residency:

Before embarking on the journey to obtain an Australian PR, it is essential to understand the significance of this status. Australian Permanent Residency allows individuals to live and work in Australia indefinitely. Holders of a PR visa enjoy various privileges, including access to healthcare through Medicare, eligibility for social security benefits, and the freedom to pursue education without international student fees. Moreover, after a certain period, PR holders can apply for Australian citizenship, further solidifying their ties to the land Down Under.

Choosing the Right Visa Category: Australia offers several visa pathways leading to Permanent Residency, each designed to cater to different individual circumstances. The most popular visa categories include:

Skilled Migration Visas (Subclass 189 and 190):

  • Subclass 189 is for skilled workers with occupations listed on the Skilled Occupation List (SOL).
  • Subclass 190 is a state-sponsored visa, requiring nomination from an Australian state or territory.

Employer-Sponsored Visas (Subclass 186 and 494):

  • Subclass 186 is for skilled workers sponsored by an Australian employer under the Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS).
  • Subclass 494 is for regional skilled workers, sponsored by an employer in a designated regional area.

Family Visas (Subclass 103 and 143):

  • Subclass 103 is for parents of Australian citizens, permanent residents, or eligible New Zealand citizens.
  • Subclass 143 is for parents of Australian citizens, permanent residents, or eligible New Zealand citizens residing in Australia.

Business and Investment Visas (Subclass 188 and 888):

  • Subclass 188 is for individuals with a successful business or investment background, allowing temporary residence with a pathway to PR.
  • Subclass 888 is the permanent stage of the Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional) visa.

The Application Process: Once you have identified the most suitable visa category, the application process involves several key steps:

Skills Assessment:

  • For skilled migration visas, a positive skills assessment is a prerequisite. This assessment verifies that your qualifications and work experience align with Australian standards.

Expression of Interest (EOI):

  • Submit an EOI through the SkillSelect system, providing information about your skills, qualifications, and work experience. This is a crucial step for skilled migration visas.

Invitation to Apply (ITA):

  • Successful EOIs may lead to an invitation to apply for a visa. Ensure that all necessary documents are prepared and ready for submission.

Lodge a Visa Application:

  • Submit a complete visa application, including all required documents and evidence. Pay close attention to application fees and processing times.

Health and Character Checks:

  • Undergo health examinations and obtain police clearance certificates to demonstrate your good character.

Waiting Period:

  • Once the application is lodged, there is typically a waiting period during which the immigration authorities assess your case.

Visa Grant:

  • Upon approval, you will receive a visa grant notification, allowing you to live and work in Australia as a permanent resident.

Navigating the Points-Based System: Skilled migration visas are subject to a points-based system, where applicants are assessed based on factors such as age, English proficiency, qualifications, and work experience. Understanding how the points system works is crucial for maximizing your chances of receiving an invitation to apply for a visa. Continuous updates to the points system may occur, so staying informed about the latest changes is essential.

State Nomination for Skilled Migration: For those applying for a Skilled Nominated visa (Subclass 190), securing a nomination from an Australian state or territory is a vital step. Each state or territory has its own set of criteria and occupations in demand, so it’s important to research and align your skills with the preferences of the nominating region.

Employer Sponsorship and Regional Opportunities: If you are exploring employer-sponsored or regional visas, engaging with Australian employers or seeking opportunities in regional areas can significantly enhance your chances of success. Many Australian states and territories actively encourage skilled migrants to settle in regional areas, offering additional incentives and a streamlined application process.

Family Reunion and Parent Visas: For those pursuing family reunion or parent visas, understanding the eligibility criteria and demonstrating genuine family ties is essential. Financial capacity requirements and assurance of support may also be necessary, depending on the specific visa subclass.

Business and Investment Pathways: Entrepreneurs and investors seeking to establish themselves in Australia can explore the various business and investment visa options. Demonstrating a successful business background, a commitment to job creation, and a substantial investment in the Australian economy are key elements in these applications.

Overcoming Challenges and Seek Professional Advice: Navigating the immigration process can be complex, and challenges may arise. Seeking professional advice from registered migration agents or immigration lawyers can prove invaluable. These experts can provide tailored guidance, assist with document preparation, and ensure compliance with the latest immigration policies.


Acquiring an Australian Permanent Residency is a transformative journey that opens doors to a wealth of opportunities for individuals and their families. Whether you are a skilled professional, an entrepreneur, or a family member seeking reunion, understanding the visa categories, navigating the application process, and staying informed about policy changes are crucial aspects of a successful migration journey.

With meticulous planning, preparation, and the right support, you can embark on a new chapter of your life in the land of opportunity – Australia.

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